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Diseases

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Achalasia

Definition: Is a disease characterized by the alteration of the movement of food from the esophagus to the stomach as a result of the muscle at the far end of the esophagus, which acts as a valve, failing to relax. [...]

Acute Cholecystitis

What is the gallbladder? The gallbladder is an organ in the shape of a pear that is located directly underneath the liver. It’s function is to store bile produced by the liver. When a person eats fatty food, the gallbladder [...]

Acute Pancreatitis

What is the pancreas? The pancreas is an organ is located in the upper abdomen, behind the stomach, and it produces a fluid that contains enzymes that participate in the digestion and absorption of food. The fluid is transported to [...]

Barrett’s Esophagus

What is Barrett’s esophagus? To understand Barrett’s esophagus it is necessary to first understand gastric reflux disease (GERD). GERD is a frequent illness, presented in equal proportion in men and women, and at any age. The disease is triggered by [...]

Cholangiocarcinoma

What is cholangiocarcinoma? It is cancer of the biliary ducts. It occurs when a malign tumor, or cancer, begins to grow within the ducts that carry bile from the liver to the small intestine. Tumors of the primary biliary ducts [...]

Choledocolithiasis

What is choledocolithiasis? In the body, bile is produced by the liver and is stored away in a sac call the gallbladder; the bile duct is responsible for carrying the bile from the gallbladder into the small intestine. Bile is [...]

Colon Polyps

What are colon polyps? Colon polyps are protuberances that appear on the mucous that lines the interior of the colon. Normally they measure a few millimeters and can vary in shape. Polyps are the result of cellular changes which have [...]

Colorectal Cancer

What is colorectal cancer? It is also known as colon cancer or rectal cancer. It refers to any cancer found in the colon. It occurs when cells lining the inside of the colon become abnormal and grow uncontrollably. It begins [...]

Constipation

What is constipation? First we must consider what is considered a normal bowel movement: one to three times a day.     Therefore, constipations is defined as passing three of less bowel movements per week, with scarce, hard and dry [...]

Crohn’s Disease

What is Crohn’s disease? It’s an chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract. It is considered an autoimmune alteration where the body mistakenly attacks its own healthy tissue. Crohn’s disease is chronic and may appear and disappear several times. It [...]

Esophageal Stenosis

What is esophageal stenosis? It is the narrowing of the esophagus’ diameter that results in difficult transport of food toward the stomach.   What are the causes of esophageal stenosis? All factors causing inflammation of an area in the surface [...]

Esophageal Varicose Veins

What are esophageal varicose veins? They are abnormally large or dilated veins found in the final portion of the esophagus. The dilation happens due to slow blood flow through the liver as a result of sickness. The main cause of [...]

Gastric Cancer

What is gastric cancer? There are different kinds of cancer that afflict the stomach. The most common kind is called adenocarcinoma. This cancer begins in cells that form the lining of the stomach. It presents itself in two forms: intestinal [...]

Gastro Esophagi Reflux Disease (GERD)

What is GERD? Where the esophagus joins the stomach, there is a circular muscle called lowed esophageal sphincter which keeps contents of the stomach from returning up toward the esophagus. When said muscle malfunctions there is return of acid causing [...]

Gastroparesis

¿Qué es la Gastroparesia? Its a disease that decreases the the capacity of the stomach to empty its contents into the small intestine, but not due to an obstruction in the gastrointestinal tract.   What is the cause? The precise [...]

Hemorrhoids

What are hemorrhoids? They are the result of dilated or enlarged veins around the anus or the lower portion of the rectum. Hemorrhoids are common and affect women more frequently than men. They are the result of the increase of [...]

Pancreatic Cancer

What is pancreatic cancer (PC)? It develops when damaged cells from the pancreas begins to grow uncontrollably. Pancreatic cancer is the fourth most prevalent cause of cancer death in the United States. There are various types of cancer, including: Adenocarcinoma [...]

Pancreatic Pseudocyst

What is a pancreatic pseudcyst (PP)? It is the collection of pancreatic fluid that is not enclosed within a sac with a proper epithelium. It forms within a cavity or space around the pancreas and is surrounded by fibrous tissue. [...]

Peptic Ulcer

What is a peptic ulcer? It’s a lesion in the form of a wound in the most superficial layer of the digestive tract (mucosa). When this lesion is located in the stomach is called peptic ulcer.   What is the [...]

Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

What is primary biliary cirrhosis? Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a chronic progressive disease of the liver caused by a progressive destruction of the biliary ducts. While CBP can lead to a hepatic cirrhosis, not all patients develop it. Its [...]

Ulcerative Colitis

What is ulcerative colitis? It’s a chronic inflammatory intestinal disease that results from an increased immune response that produces lesions in the large intestine (colon) with varying degrees of gravity. It commonly affects the rectum (last portion of the colon). [...]